The lemon is a small evergreen tree and fruit native to Southern India, northern Burma, and China. Asia. The fruit's juice, pulp and peel, especially the zest, have a variety of uses including food, drink, aromatherapy, medicine and cleaning. A lemon’s sour taste arises from its 5-6% citric acid content.
There are many varieties grown in Australia, with the more popular ones being the Eureka, Lisbon and Meyer (a cross between a lemon and possibly an orange or mandarin c.1908) There are also small plantings of other varieties including Fino, Verna, Yen Ben and the native Bush lemon tree.
Lemons are not just for lemonade! Lemon juice, rind, and zest are used in a wide variety of drinks (Limoncello, cocktails and cordials) and foods including preserves and pickles, curds, marinades, lemon tarts, winter lemon puddings, lemon cheesecake, and my favourite – with sugar on hot pancakes!
Hint – Use a mix of lemon juice and water to stop apples, pears, bananas, Jerusalem artichokes and avocados from turning brown after being sliced.